Below is a (partial) list of similarities between Pathway Family Center, Kids Helping Kids, Straight Inc. and The SEED programs.
1. Host homes are still used.
2. Phase/Level system is still used ( In the past it was a 5 phase program plus a follow-up period. Now Pathway has combined the follow-up and claims to use 6 phases to appear to be a different program).
3. Friday night Open meeting.
4. Monday night Parent rap.
5. Peer staff (non-professional staff).
6. Façade of a complaint procedure.
7. No Church until higher phase.
8. No (regular) school until higher phase.
9. First phase can last up to a year or more.
10. Restraint and isolation.
11. No privacy in shower or toilet.
12. Must make confessions or will not progress from phase one.
13. No communication with parents until deemed appropriate by Executive staff.
14. Talk is a short reward which is supervised.
15. Sit on hard chairs and stare at a wall most of the day.
16. Confrontation by the group.
18. Singing of children’s songs throughout every day.
19. Chanting of steps upon command and chanting of rules.
20. Communication cut off from outside world including any friends and any police or CPS workers on first phase.
21. Writing of Moral Inventories (MI’s) every night.
22. Newcomers and Oldcomers.
23. Newcomer MI’s "gone over" by oldcomers
24. Can be demoted to day one on first phase at any time at the discretion of staff.
25. Vague, ambiguous rules list which is difficult to remember and follow.
26. Homes, after Open meeting.
27. In-towners and out-of-towners.
28. Parents are reimbursed for travel, food and housing expenses, but poorly.
29. No druggie friends.
30. No druggie thoughts.
31. Must admit past in group and in Open meeting to progress.
32. What happens in group stays in group rule.
33. No talking behind backs rule.
34. Anonymity and confidentiality rules.
35. No playing off ( Making a complaint after a resolution has been denied by another).
36. Must explain to group, “how does that make you feel”.
37. Environment is completely controlled on lower phases.
38. Environment is heavily restricted on upper phases.
39. Fundraising is key to the program.
40. Phaser room at host home must be alarmed and/or locked.
41. Oldcomers and host home parents must physically stop or restrain newcomers if they try to run away or try to get help.
42. “Love Ya” is chanted during open meeting, group and often includes the name of another person such as “Love Ya Terri”.
43. The Disease Concept and Tough love concept are seen as irrefutable methods of treatment when ther has been no scientific evidence to suggest that this is at all effective.
44. Parents and kids are told that without the program they would be dead, insane or in jail.
45. If parents ask too many questions, the program staff will threaten withdrawal of the kid to scare the parents into submission.
46. Refreshers are still implemented.
47. A follow-up is still used if deemed appropriate by staff.
48. No druggie slang.
49. No druggie images.
50. Kids are diagnosed by in-house staff.
51. There is no program accountability at host homes.
52. Kids in the program are generally given no due process under the law and are therefore mostly imprisoned illegally.
53. Only program related material is to be read on lower phases.
54. No reading of anything else until on a higher phase.
55. No TV, radio, movies, media normal teenage music, reading of newspapers or any other normal life experiences allowed until a certain phase is achieved as deemed by staff.
56. Progression in the program is at the complete discretion of staff and there is no definitive process for progressing except to please the staff in whatever way they desire for that person.
57. Lying about their success rate when there has been no legitimate study to gauge the long term success rates or rates of harm to clients.
58. Fraudulent marketing including false success rate and that other treatment options don’t exist or are ineffective.
59. Exaggeration of kid’s problems to parents and the outside world.
60. Rigid and numerous mundane rules with little or no meaning.
61. Forced feeling of powerlessness on kids.
62. Breaking down of the will and spirit of a kid so they are unconfident, insecure and scared of the world as well as themselves.
63. Must ask oldcomer for permission at host home to do almost everything, including picking up a spoon to eat or to use toilet tissue after using the restroom.
64. Must memorize all program rules and doctrine.
65. Must admit to being a drug addict.
66. Must admit to being powerless over drugs.
67. Must admit to more drug use than actually happened.
68. No writing or labels on clothes.
69. Program Jargon is primarily the same.
70. Kids are still started over or put on "Day One".
71. Chain of Command (COC)
72. No thinking about music rule.
73. No thinking about past friends rule.
74. No thinking about fun times in the past rule.
75. Kids are labelled "manipulative" and "liars" to hide the abuse within the program.
76. Numerous psychological brainwashing techniques including milieu control and communication control.
77. No reading anything other than program related material or the Bible until 3rd phase.
78. No contact between the kid and his/her religious leader while on lower phases and no going to church on Sunday. No contact with church group.
79. Must focus on drug problem at all times while on lower phases which can last for months or even over a year.
80. Must list (supposed) drugs used in Open meeting.
81. The Program Still refer to themselves as "The Program".
82. Kids and parents on upper phases are pressured to "give back" to the program by conducting speaking engagements and speaking to potential recruits.
83. A kid's Anonymity and Confidentiality are encouraged to be broken if it serves the interest of the program or puts the program in a good light.
84. Kids are denied professional medical care.
85. There are no Detox services or physical drug withdrawal services offered by Pathway.
86. The Program still considers itself to be the last resort to helping kids with drug addictions without any proof or scientific documentation of this.
87. The Program still insists that other treatment programs don't work without offering any concrete evidence.
88. Serious issues, such as a kid cutting themselves, attempting to commit suicide, being restrained or trying to escape are not reported to anyone, including parents.
89. The program claims to treat the worst of the worst kids with drug problems without any evidence of this being the case.
90. Kids are denied dignity and are treated as if they have no human rights on lower phases.
91. "The Group" is still hidden away from the public, Parents, Law Enforcement Officials and Child Protective Services under the guise of confidentiality rules or laws.
92. Coerced false confessions.
93. Peer pressure (Group) is used to narrow thinking and modify behavior so the client becomes part of the collective while losing identity.
94. Constant reminding of how bad the kid is and the focus is always brought back to a negative self image.
95. Kids must "tell on themselves" in group if they have had any inappropriate thoughts.
96. Kids are made to believe that the staff at the program can't be conned and can "read the kids' minds".
97. Immense pressure is placed on the kids to confess past transgressions in Group. (which is similar to public confessions used by the Chinese to berate and degrade)
98. Newcomers are physically controlled by Oldcomers or staff at all times.
99. Sleep deprivation is implemented by allowing host parents to "drop off" program kids very early in the morning at the program building.
100. The "drug problem" is always the center of focus and nothing is more important to focus on in the program.
101. "The Basics" ( The Steps, Serenity Prayer, etc.) are still preached at Pathway as doctrine.
102. Kids are pressured to "tell on each other" for minor infractions of program rules or for even a suspicion. Ratting out other kids can help a kid to progress in the program.
103. Attention such as media or advertising is only allowed if it puts a positive spin on the program. Any attemt to shed light on a negative aspect will be met with complete opposition.
104. Anonymity and Confidentiality rules are cited when anyone inquires about what happens inside the program. The program instructs clients to waive this right if it will benefit the program.
105. If a client does poorly or speaks against the program after graduating, the program staff are quick to blame the character of the person. But, if the former client does well, the program staff are quick to take credit for the person's recovery.
106. The "Honesty" concept is still perverted and used as a tool to achieve conformity by steering clients to make negative confessions about onesself while the program hides its true nature from the public.
107. Many behaviors that can be considered "normal teen behavior" are labeled as indicators of drug use by the program. The program would have parents believe that normal adolescence is a disease or a crime.
108. Brainwashing techniques are still implemented daily.
109. In The SEED, there was no "belt-looping" or "motivating" but the inner core of brainwashing techniques were still at play. Pathway claims to be a different program based on the absence of beltlooping and motivating.